Univ of South Carolina Press: Children of smoking parents are more likely to smoke than children with non-smoking parents. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. Enhanced combustion using nitrates was traditionally used but cigarette manufacturers have been silent on this subject claiming at first that a safe cigarette was technically impossible, then that it could only be achieved by modifying the paper. The active substances in tobacco, especially cigarettes, are administered by burning the leaves and inhaling the vaporized gas that results. The probabilities of death from lung cancer before age 75 in the United Kingdom are 0. Tobacco, both product and plant, followed the major trade routes to major ports and markets, and then on into the hinterlands.
From this point on for some centuries, several administrations withdrew from efforts at discouragement and instead turned tobacco trade and cultivation into sometimes lucrative government monopolies.
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InFritz Lickint of Dresden, Germany, published a paper containing formal statistical evidence of a lung cancer—tobacco link. Smoking was said by the desert Indians to be a cure for colds, especially if the tobacco was mixed with the leaves of the small desert SageSalvia dorriior the root of Indian balsam or cough rootLeptotaenia multifidathe addition of which was thought to be particularly good for asthma and tuberculosis. A Global History of Smoking". During the Great Depression Adolf Hitler condemned his earlier smoking habit as a waste of money,  and later with stronger assertions. Religious leaders have often been prominent among those who considered smoking immoral or outright blasphemous. Archived from the original on 17 April